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Etnik Utama di Sabah

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ETNIK UTAMA DI SABAH

Dusun/Kadazan

Dusun/Kadazan merupakan etnik utama yang terbesar di negeri Sabah. Secara umumnya, ianya merupakan koleksi kelompok etnik yang bertutur dalam bahasa dan dialek yang hampir sama. Begitu juga dari segi budaya kepercayaan tradisi. Di dalam Dusun/Kadazan sendiri terdapat sekurang-kurangnya 10 bahasa yang mempunyai lebih dari 30 jenis dialek.

Terdapat sesetengah masyarakat Dusun/Kadazan lebih gemar dipanggil sebagai Dusun. Manakala yang lain terutama sekali di kawasan Penampang dan juga Papar menggunakan Kadazan untuk menggelar diri mereka. Walau bagaimanapun ada di antara mereka menggunakan nama suku mereka sendiri seperti Lotud, Rungus, Orang Sungai (River People), Kuijau, Tambanuo dan banyak lagi.

Suku Dusun/Kadazan biasanya ditemui di Bahagian Pantai Barat Sabah dari Kudat sehinggalah ke sempadan Sarawak. Selain itu suku ini juga menetap di beberapa tempat di kawasan pedalaman Sabah seperti Ranau, Tambunan dan Keningau. Kebanyakan di antara mereka bekerja sebagai petani tradisional.

Dari segi kepercayaan beragama, majoriti daripada mereka adalah Kristian dan terdapat juga sebahagian yang beragama Islam. Meskipun demikian masih terdapat juga kelompok individu yang masih mengamalkan kepercayaan animisme seperti Pagan.


Bajau

Bajau, merupakan etnik kedua terbesar di Sabah, is a collective term for a predominantly Muslim peoples and Kindered groups. Originally seafarers there are now two distinct groups, the East Coast Bajau and West Coast Bajau. The West Coast Bajau have now settled down around the Kota Kinabalu to Kota Belud areas and have learnt the art of farming and cattle rearing.

They are the famous cowboys of Sabah. Their skills in horsemanship are well known locally and on festive occasions both horses and riders are dressed in colorful costumes. On the east coast however many of the Sea Bajaus still live in the traditional way. Fishing is the main activity. While many have settled on land or in water villages some are still nomadic boot dwellers.

 

 

Murut

Muruts are the third largest indigenous group in Sabah. The Muruts, literally meaning 'hillpeople', are found mainly in three areas of the Interior Division, Tenom, Keningau and Pensiangan. The Muruts are for the most part shifting cultivator, living in the more remote areas.They live in communal longhouses, usually near rivers, using the rivers as their highways. They plant hill padi and topioca, hunt and fish for a living and were the last of Sabah's ethnic groups to renounce head hunting.

The men are skillful hunters with blowpipe and spear, and of course their hunting dogs. Mostly converted to Christianity or Islam the Muruts still practise a remarkable from of a bride wealth in which a man on marriage pays bride wealth throughout his life. They are an extremely hospitable people and as in the Dusun/Kadazan group some still refer to themselves by old tribal names such as Timogun, Tagal, Nabas dan banyak lagi.

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